Bond Retirement – Journal Entry to Retire a Bond

A bond can be retired before the maturity date or at the maturity date. The retirement of a bond means we will be closing the bond by paying out what is owed. When closing a bond at the end of the bond term, after all interest payments on the bond have been paid, is a simple journal entry. We will be left with the face amount of the bond on the trial balance after all interest payments have been made and after the amortization of the bond discount or bond premium in complete. We will debit bond payable making it go down to zero and credit cash.
A bond that is closed out before maturity results in a transaction that is more complex. Bonds that close out before maturity are callable bonds, providing the issuer the option to call the bond as some price in the future.
The journal entry to close out a bond before maturity will include a debit to bonds payable a credit to discount or a debit to premium for the amount not yet fully amortized, a credit to cash and a debit to loss or credit to gain on the transaction.
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Statement of Cash Flows – Tools Needed For Completion

Statement of cash flows – Tools needed for completion will talk about the tools we will need to complete a statement of cash flows. The statement of cash flows will generally be the last financial statement we will prepare. In other words, we will prepare the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of equity before the statement of cash flows. The primary tool financial statement we will use will be the balance sheet. We will need a comparative balance sheet or a balance sheet showing the current period and the prior period. From this balance comparative balance sheet will generally create a worksheet showing us the changes from year to year. We will also need the income statement. When using the indirect method the income statement will be necessary to verify some balances. We will also need additional information which is often given in a book problem. In practice we would need the general ledger for some accounts and access to supporting documents for some transactions.
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Cost Classifications – Managerial Accounting- Fixed Costs Variable Costs Direct & Indirect Costs

Cost classification will go over some of the classification methods used in managerial accounting. It is often useful to classify cost by behavior because this helps us generate projections. The two major classifications of costs by behavior are fixed costs and variable costs. Fixed costs do not increase as production increases. Rent is a good example of a fixed costs. As production increases the amount of rent stays the same. Variable costs increase with production. Direct materials is an example of a variable cost.
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Managerial Accounting Introduction

Managerial accounting introduction will introduce the topic of managerial accounting. It is useful to compare managerial accounting to financial accounting. Most differences between the two accounting categories are derived from the objectives of the users. In other words, managerial accounting is designed to help internal users while financial accounting is designed to help external users. Financial accounting has more laws and regulations because external users are depending on them. Managerial accounting reports can be generated any time where as financial accounting reports are generated based on a strict schedule. Managerial accounting if future focused while financial accounting is based on reporting past numbers. Managerial accounting often focuses on segments of an organization while financial accounting looks at the big picture. Managerial accounting will use a lot of numerical data but will also use other forms of data while financial accounting generally focuses on dollars as the form of reporting.
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Bonds Present Value Formulas

Present value formulas for bonds will take a look at the present value formulas for both a single payment and for an annuity. One of the reasons bonds works well to practice present value formulas is because they have both a single payment at the end of the term and an annuity payment and these are the major two formats we can use to calculate present value. Present value can be calculated multiple different ways. Present value can be calculated using equations, using present value tables, using financial calculators, or using Excel. We will focus on the present value formulas here.
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Statement of Cash Flows-Indirect Method-Change In Accounts Payable

Statement of cash flows using the indirect method and concentrating on the change in accounts payable. The indirect method will differ from the direct method by starting with net income and entering adjustments to arrive at cash flows from operations. The indirect method reconciles net income to cash flows from operations by analyzing the changes in balance sheets accounts, in current assets and current liabilities. When considering these changes we can learn a rule that helps us construct the statement of cash flows and it is also useful to understand the reasoning behind the rule.
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Statement of Cash Flow Investing Activities -Cash Paid for Equipment

Statement of cash flows investing activities will look at cash flows related to investing activities. Investing activities will include cash flows from investments like stocks and bonds but also includes investments in long term assets like property plant and equipment. Cash outflows and cash inflows for property plant and equipment will be included in the investing activities section. Because equipment is often financed when purchased we often need to look at the detail of the transaction to complete the investing activities section.
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Corporation Comp. Prob. Worksheet 10

Corporation comprehensive problem will cover the worksheet we will use for a comprehensive corporation accounting problem. The worksheets will be in PDF format and available for download so that we can work through the problem. We can work through the entire problem with one worksheet or we can print a new PDF worksheet for each step along the way, each worksheet containing the number us to the point we are working on.
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Partnership Comp Prob Draws -130 How to Record Journal Entry For Withdraws

Partnership journal entry for draws will record the journal entry related to withdraws. We will enter the journal entry into the general journal, post it to the general ledger, and create the trial balance from the general ledger. The accounting transaction will debit draws and credit cash.
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Note Payable Journal Entry-Journalize the Journal Entry for Installment Note

Notes payable journal entry will journize the journal entry to record an installment note. We will enter the accounting transaction into a general journal and then post the transaction to a worksheet so we can see the impact on individual accounts and the accounting equation. The transaction to record a loan is surprisingly simple, but can be confusing because of the added information we have which is not needed for the initial journal entry. For example, we we will often know the interest rates and installment payment amounts but the interest rate is not needed for the initial recording of the financial transaction. Interest in not recorded at the start of the note because no time has passed. Interest is like rent owned on purchasing power of money. At the time we take out a loan no rent or time or interest has accumulated.
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