In this presentation we will talk about how to set up and record a petty cash fund. Setting up a petty cash fund seems like an easy thing to do to have a minimal amount of cash that we can have expenditures for small purchases for however, it can be a little bit tricky to set up the petty cash fund and there is kind of a shortcut to recording transactions for the petty cash fund. So we’ll go over the process of setting up the petty cash fund recording the initial investment in the petty cash fund and then recording the activity from the petty cash fund. Now the objective of course in this will be to have not just the checking account where we need authorization in order to take money out of the checking account, we would typically want anything going out of the checking account to be by electronic fund transfer or by cheque so that we have a clear paper trail of what is going on the petty cash However, if we just have some small items that we need to take care of with cash and as to convenient to have small items with cash to be paid.
Hello, in this lecture, we’ll discuss a bank reconciliation. At the end of this, we will be able to describe what a bank reconciliation is perform a bank reconciliation, make a needed adjustments to our books in the reconciliation process, as well as record those adjustments. So this is going to start off the bank reconciliation process. We’ll start off with, of course, the bank statement. So the bank statement is going to come from the bank, generally, it happens at the end of the month, although we could get it electronically at any timeframe. But typically, it’s still good to get it as of the end of the month so that we can have a set timeframe as to when we’re going to reconcile our account and deal with the timing differences at that time. So this bank statement coming from the bank is going to be as of the end of February in this case, and we’ll have a typical information on a bank statement, which will be that we will have the beginning balance, and then we’re going to have the additions to it generally our deposits and then we’re going to have the corrections to it.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to be talking about the average inventory cost method we will be selling our coffee mugs again we will not be using a specific identification but rather a cost flow assumption VAT assumption being the average method, we will be using the same worksheet I highly recommend working on a worksheet such as this when when doing any cost flow assumption for inventory, which will include a purchases section, a cost of merchandise section and an ending inventory section in which pieces we can then calculate the unit cost times the quantity to give the total cost for each of the sections. This can answer the most amount of questions that can be asked for this top. If we take a look at a trial balance, we can see that the inventory on the trial balance is at 5000.
Hello in this lecture we’re gonna be talking about the lastin first out inventory method, we will once again be selling our coffee mugs. Here, we will not be specifically identifying the coffee mugs that we sell, but rather using a cost flow method, that method been a lastin. First out this time, whenever doing a cost flow method, I do recommend setting up a worksheet such as this with three parts to it having the purchases, the cost of the merchandise and the ending inventory, and then calculating the units that we’re going to sell the unit cost and the total cost for those particular categories. As we will do here. This will answer the most amount of questions in any format that those questions could be asked. What we are trying to do here is of course, say that the inventory that is reported on the trial balance needs to be backed up in terms of a worksheet Why? Because on the trial balance, it’s reported in terms of dollars.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to be taking a look at first in first out inventory method, we will be selling coffee mugs and we won’t be specifically identifying the coffee mugs. In this case, as we’ve talked about in a prior lecture of this time, we’re going to be using a cost flow assumption VAT cost flow assumption being the first in first out assumption this time to set up this problem in any cost flow assumption, I highly recommend putting together a worksheet that worksheet including headers of purchases columns, and then we got the cost of merchandise columns, then we have the ending inventory. I highly recommend setting up a worksheet like this, whether it’s by hand or in a computer or in Excel because it answers all the types of questions that could come up with an inventory cost flow type of assumption within those sections, we will then have the quantity and then the unit cost and the total cost we’re gonna have, if we sell something, we’re calculating the cost of that sale.
In this presentation, we will take a look at a cash payments journal for a service company, the cash payment journal we’ll be dealing with transactions where we have cash payments, that’s going to be the factor that will be the same for all transactions with cash payments meaning this column here cash payments will always be affected wish they kept cash payments journal cash payments journal will be used when using more of a manual system rather than an automated system. However, it’s good to know what the cash payments journal is, even if using an automated system because it’s possible that we or it’s very likely that we would need to run reports that will be similar in format to a cash payments journal. And it’s useful to see this format or how different types of accounting structures can be built.
Hello in this presentation we’re going to take a look at financial statement relationships. In other words, how do these financial statements fit together? How do these financial statements represent the double entry accounting system in the format of the accounting equation that have assets equal liabilities plus equity? First, we’ll take a look at the balance sheet. Note that most textbooks will talk about this relationship and constructing the financial statements by first saying to construct the income statement, then the statement of equity and then the balance sheet. If you’re constructing things by hand with a paper and pencil, that does reduce the number of calculations that you would need to do, however, if you’re using something like Excel, then it’s a lot easier to sum up columns of numbers and it might be useful to take a look at the balance sheet. In any case, the relationships will be the same when we consider the relationships between the financial statements.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to record the adjusting entry related to depreciation were recorded on the left hand side, that’s where the journal entry will go. And then we’ll post that to the trial balance on the right hand side trial balance being in the format of assets in green liabilities in the orange. Then we have the equity section in the light blue and the income statement, including revenue and expenses in the darker blue. We’ll first talk about what accounts are affected and then we’ll go back and explain why this is the case. So first, we know that it’s an adjusting entry. So that’s going to have some added rules, you want to keep the adjusting entry separate in your head from just normal journal entries. all entries have at least two accounts and an equal number of debits and credits as well as adjusting entries. But adjusting entries are all made of as of the cutoff date, we’re gonna say 1231 in this case, and they generally have one account above this equity line above the capital meaning a balance sheet account and one account below that line meaning an income statement accounts.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to record the adjusting entry related to unearned revenue. Remember that the adjusting entry is going to be a separate process. It’ll have the same rules as every journal entry. But we can add some added rules when we know that we are working with the adjusting entry process. For example, all adjusting entries will be as of the time period, the end of the month, or the end of the year. In this case, we have the unearned revenue. We know that all adjusting entries for the most part will have an account above the owners capital meaning and balance sheet account. So if we look at our trial balance, looking for an account related to unearned revenue, we see here unearned revenue. So we know that that’s going to be part of our journal entry.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to record an adjusting entry related to supplies. Remember that adjusting entries are going to have their own set of rules, you want to keep them separate in your head. They are still journal entries, and they follow the journal entry rules. But if we know that we are dealing with adjusting entries, we can apply an additional set of rules to help us to understand what the journal entry will be. For example, the adjusting entries will all be at the end of the time period, the end of the month or the end of the year. And if we take a look at the supplies account, we also know that typical adjusting entries will always have an account in the balance sheet section in terms of the trial balance that’s going to be somewhere up above this owner’s capital account. So we look for an account on the trial balance related to this supplies. on the balance sheet we said how about supplies and we also note that the supplies, the adjusting entries will have an account below the equity section below the owner’s capital in the income statement, revenue and expenses.