In this presentation, we will take a look at an overview of the consolidation process, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, consolidation process overview we’re talking about a situation where we have two or more separate entities that are under a common control. So the basic kind of format of that you’re imagining here, then you have a parent and a subsidiary, these are going to be connected in some way shape or form because the parent has control over the subsidiary, we can imagine more complex situations, for example, having one parent and multiple subsidiaries as well. The entities will be showing as if they are one entity. So if we have a situation like this, if there’s a control type of situation, it’s quite possible then we’re going to have the the subsidiary and the parent These are two separate companies have a consolidated basically a financial statement. So the financial statement the idea of that being we’re going to take these two financials and represent them as if these two separate entities in this case, two or more can be more than two are one entity. This means two or more sets of books are merged into one set of financial statements. So obviously, what does that look like from a practical standpoint, we have the parent company, we have this subsidiary company, they have two sets of books, we’re gonna have to take those two sets of books and put them together for the financial statements. Here is an example of a slightly more complex situation where we still have parent subsidiary relationships but multiple pole subsidiaries in this case, so we have the parent subsidiary one where there’s a 75% ownership. So we’re over we have a controlling interest, we’re over that 51, we’re going to say there’s a controlling interest here, therefore there’s going to be a consolidation. So we’re gonna have a consolidation subsidiary to is owned 52%. So we’re still over the 51.
In this presentation, we will continue on with the statement of cash flows. Looking at the financing activities looking at cash borrowed on notes, we’re going to be using the information with our comparative balance sheet, the income statement and the additional information focusing on the comparative balance sheet. First, it will be used to create this worksheet, we have going through this worksheet looking for all the differences and finding a home for them starting Of course, with cash down here, and then we kind of skipped around to pick up all of the cash flows from operating activities. And that’s really how people usually start this thing out. And rather than going just from top to bottom, picking out the operating activities, then we went back and we picked up the cash flows from investing activities. Now we’re going to go down and pick up the financing activities. And those deal with notes payable here. So we have the notes payable, and we have this common stock issuance. So those are going to be things that are typically going to be in the final financing. And you might think of as well, how would I know this? What? Why would I know that’s going through? Well, if we go through these, remember that the cash is obviously down here, that’s where we started. And then the current assets versus current liabilities, most of them are going to be up here. And that’s going to be the accounts receivable, the inventory, prepaid expenses, and then equipment.
In this presentation, we will continue on with our statement of cash flows. Taking a look at the investing activities, specifically the purchase of equipment, we’re going to be using the comparative balance sheet, the income statement and additional information focusing here on the comparative balance sheet, which we use to make this worksheet. So this worksheet is our comparative balance sheet. We’ve been going through this worksheet and really looking for the differences. We’re finding a home for all the differences. Once we do that, we’re feeling pretty good. We have done this all the way through the operating activities. So are the cash flows from operations. So we’ve gone through here we’ve kind of picked and choose the items that are going to be cash flows from operations, which is probably the way most people approach this. But just note that as we’ve done that, we’ve tried to pick up the exact differences here. We haven’t gone to the income statement and thought about it separately outside of this worksheet, and then we’re going to go back and make adjustments. So we found a home for the difference in cash because that’s Kind of like our bottom line. And then we’ve got accounts receivable, inventory prepaid expenses, and then we skipped equipment and went down to accounts payable.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to continue on with the closing process with step four, the final step of the process which will be to close out the draws. Remember that the objective is to have the adjusted trial balance be converted to the post closing trial balance. adjusted trial balance is what we use to create the financial statements. And the difference between the adjusted trial balance and the post closing trial balance will be that we want to have all temporary accounts including draws revenue and expense accounts to be converted to zero and have all that be in the owner capital account meaning the owner capital account will now be including all these accounts underneath it crunched into basically one number, we’re going to do that with a four step process.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process step three of the four step closing process, which will include the close of the income summary to the capital account. Remember that our objective is to close out all the temporary accounts, which are all the accounts below capital, including drawers, and the income statement accounts of revenue and expenses. So we want the adjusted trial balance to be converted to the post, post closing trial balance, which means that everything from capital on down will be zero. The way we do that is the four steps and that includes step one we did in a prior video closeout income to the income summary. Step two was to close out expenses to the income summary. Step three is what we’re going to do now close out the income summary now having net income in it to the capital account, then we’re finally going to close out the draws to the capital account.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process. Step two of the four step process being closing the expense accounts to the income summary. Remember that the goal of the closing process is to close out the temporary accounts that would include the drawers as well as all the income statement accounts, including revenue and expenses to the capital account. So we want our adjusted trial balance to thing we used to make our financial statements to look like the post closing trial balance with all the zeros from the capital accounts down. How do we do that? Last time we did the first step step one, which was to close out income to the income summary. This time we’re going to close out expenses to the income summary. Next time we’re going to close out the income summary to the capital account. And finally closeout draws to the capital account.
Hello, in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process step one of the step four process. Last time, we talked about the objectives of the closing process, which in essence was to close out the temporary accounts, all the accounts from the draws, and the revenue and expenses on down to zero. Putting that balance into the capital account, we talked about how we were going to do that, we’re going to do a four step process, including closeout, the income to the income summary, and then close out the expenses to the income summary. And then we’re going to close out the entire income summary to the capital account. And finally closeout draws to the capital account. We’re going to start off with step one of those four step processes. In order to do this. We are adding this new account you’ve probably been wondering, income summary account, what is that? Where did it come from? Why is it there? The income summary can be called a clearing account, meaning it’s going to start at zero and it’s going to end at zero right when we’re done with this four step process which we’re going to do basically at the same point. Time.
Hello in this presentation we will take a look at a two step closing process. In other words, we will perform the closing process using two journal entries. There’s a couple different ways we can see the closing process, each of them having a pros and cons. The two step process is nice because it allows us to see net income broken out and being closed out directly to the capital account, followed by draws, which is similar to what we see when we actually do the statement of equity, meaning that when we do the statement of owner’s equity, we start with beginning balance and then we increase it by net income and decrease it by drawers or dividends. Because this process is similar to that process, it’s often easy to remember it’s the easiest for me to remember in any case, so we will take a look at the two step closing process.
Hello in this presentation, we will be looking at a one step closing process. In other words, we will be closing out temporary accounts using one journal entry. There’s a few different ways that we can perform the closing process. And there’s benefits and cons to each way of doing it. The one step closing process is the simplest way to do it. And it’s also a way that we can imagine what is happening within the closing process as easily as possible a skill useful when considering what’s happening from time period to time period, and how the financial statements are working. So here we’re going to look at a one step closing process. Remember what the closing process is, it’s going to be a process at the end of the time period that we will be performing.
In this presentation, we will put together a worksheet that will then be used to create the statement of cash flows using the indirect method. To do this, we’re going to use our resources which will include a comparative balance sheet, and income statement and added information. Remember that in practice, we’re typically going to have a comparative balance sheet RS here being for the current year 2005 and 2000. x for the prior year. So we need a comparative to time periods in order to create our worksheet. This will be the primary components that we’ll use to create our worksheet. We will need the income statement when I’m creating the statement of cash flows mainly to check up on some of the differences that we will have in our worksheet. And then in a book problem will typically be told some other things related to for example, purchases of or sales of equipment, borrowings, if we had any cash dividends or any dividends at all, this is added information we would Need. In practice, of course, we would just be checking on these things by looking at the difference and going back to the GL. And just taking a look at those differences in order to determine if we have any added information that needs to be adjusted on our statement of cash flows.