In this presentation, we will take a look at business combination accounting methods, both historic methods and the current methods get ready to act, because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. We’re going to start off with business combinations from the past, these are not the current method that we’re going to be using. However, it’s good to have some historical context so that if you hear these methods, you know what you’re talking about. We also want to think about these concepts in terms of just a logistical standpoint. If you were to make these laws, then how would you do it? What are some of the challenges that have happened? And by looking through the historical process, you can kind of think about, okay, these are what were put in place, I see why those were put in place here that changes that are happening, we could see why the changes are happening, therefore have a better understanding of what we are doing, and how the current process is being put in place and why the decisions were made to put it in place. So in the past, we had combinations methods that included the purchase method and the pooling of interest. method. So they then what happened is the pooling of interest method was taken away by faz B. So faz B said, Hey, we’re not going to allow anymore, the pooling of interest method, and then the purchase method has been replaced with the acquisition method. So if you hear the purchase method, that in essence is what we’re currently doing. However, we changed the name from the purchase method to the acquisition method.
This presentation we’re going to take a closer look at external business expansion, which includes things like mergers and business combinations, get ready to act, because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. Before we move into the external expansion, you want to give a review and keep your mind on what our focus is we’re talking about a business that is expanding. When we think of it about expansion, we can break that expansion into internal and external expansion. So we have a business expanding into new areas do segments, we can think of it as an internal or external expansion. In a prior presentation, we talked a little bit more on the internal expansion, in which case you might have a situation where a parent creates a subsidiary or a parent basically just creates another division possibly, and expands in that format. Now we’re going to be going to the external expansion, in which case we’re talking about two entities. So we have two separate legal entities that in some or two separate entities in some case in some way, shape reform are coming together. So now we’re going to have an expansion where we have an external expansion. So if we’re thinking of thinking about this, from the from the standpoint of one company, we’re thinking about ourselves as one company and we are expanding, then we’re thinking about the expansion externally, that we are going to be combining in some way shape or form with another company. Now, the format and form in which that combination can take place can be various we can have various forms of that combination, it could result in a parent subsidiary type of relationship, or it could result in the parent basically consuming that another company and bringing them into the overarching parent company.
In this presentation, we’ll take a closer look at internal business expansion, get ready to act because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. In our previous presentation, we talked about the types of expansion that a company can take. And we broke those out into the general categories of internal expansion and external expansion. The internal expansion, meaning we have a corporation or a company that needs to expand wants to do so internally might result in other divisions or might result in a creation of a subsidiary, the external expansion meaning we have two entities that are separate and somehow come together, which still could result in something like a parent subsidiary type relationship, or some type of division. So we’re going to be considered here the internal ideas the internal concept or internal expansion. So we have one organization, the organization wants to grow and expand possibly into a different sections or segments are different industry, and therefore they’re going to expand in some way shape. shape or form. Typically, we’re thinking of the creation in this case of a subsidiary type of relationship, in which case, they might create a separate legal entity. And that would be the giving of the assets and possibly liabilities to a separate legal entity that would be created. In other words, the parents company, setting up a subsidiary in some way, shape or form. And then given the subsidiary some assets and the liabilities that were formerly the parents organization, and then having a parent subsidiary type relationship with that subsidiary unit, us from an accounting standpoint, then having to think about how are we going to account for that with regards to financial accounting with that parent subsidiary type of relationships. So types of business entities that could be involved with this, we could have a subsidiary company and that’s the one you’d probably most be considering.
In this presentation, we’re going to discuss an Introduction to Business acquisition and expansion, get ready to act, because it’s time to account with business, Advanced Accounting, advanced financial accounting will have to do with the concept of expansion and the accounting related to it. So first we need to know well, what is expansion? What are the types of expansion that can take place? What are the problems with regards to the accounting for it? And then what type of accounting principles can we apply in order to deal with the accounting related to those problems? So when we think about expansion in general of a business, we’re thinking about the growth of a business, typically, you have either internal expansion or external expansion. So those are two categories of expansion. We want to start to visualize in our mind and we got our mind our mind is visualizing a business that is trying to expand how are they going to do that? Are they going to do it with some type of internal growth or some type of external growth? Then we want to think about the legal structure of the of the expansion for example, an expansion often results in a parent subsidiary type of relationship. So, we have different legal entities that are associated in some way shape or form.
In this presentation, we will take a look at accounting methods which will relate to and depend on ownership and control, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. Accounting related to ownership and control methods used to account for investments in common stock will depend on the extent of influence or control, the investor can exercise over the investi. So in other words, we’re gonna have different methods depending on the level of control. Now, if we’re going to use different methods, we need to have some kind of definition we need to have some lines in terms of when we’re going to apply these different methods. What does it mean to have different levels of control? And then how do we apply those in practice so we can have some kind of standardization for that.
In this presentation, we will take a look at an overview of the consolidation process, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, consolidation process overview we’re talking about a situation where we have two or more separate entities that are under a common control. So the basic kind of format of that you’re imagining here, then you have a parent and a subsidiary, these are going to be connected in some way shape or form because the parent has control over the subsidiary, we can imagine more complex situations, for example, having one parent and multiple subsidiaries as well. The entities will be showing as if they are one entity. So if we have a situation like this, if there’s a control type of situation, it’s quite possible then we’re going to have the the subsidiary and the parent These are two separate companies have a consolidated basically a financial statement. So the financial statement the idea of that being we’re going to take these two financials and represent them as if these two separate entities in this case, two or more can be more than two are one entity. This means two or more sets of books are merged into one set of financial statements. So obviously, what does that look like from a practical standpoint, we have the parent company, we have this subsidiary company, they have two sets of books, we’re gonna have to take those two sets of books and put them together for the financial statements. Here is an example of a slightly more complex situation where we still have parent subsidiary relationships but multiple pole subsidiaries in this case, so we have the parent subsidiary one where there’s a 75% ownership. So we’re over we have a controlling interest, we’re over that 51, we’re going to say there’s a controlling interest here, therefore there’s going to be a consolidation. So we’re gonna have a consolidation subsidiary to is owned 52%. So we’re still over the 51.
In this presentation, we will discuss measurement period and contingent considerations within an acquisition process, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. At this point with the discussion of the acquisition process, you’re probably thinking, Okay, I kind of see how this fits together. I’ve see how this works. But logistically, it could still be a little bit tough. If you were to apply this in practice, you’re probably saying, Hey, there could be some problems. In practice. If we were to apply this out. For example, if we’re saying, okay, we’re going to revalue the assets and the liabilities. And we’re going to value the consideration we’re going to make a comparison of the value of the assets and liabilities to the consideration that’s being given for the company that in essence is being acquired in the acquisition process. Well, then what about that valuation process? That’s going to be difficult because how do we revalue the assets and liabilities because normally, when you value something, you value it from a market perspective, which means there’s actually a transaction a sale that’s taking place. So note obviously that valuation process is going to be somewhat of a tedious process for us to go through and revalue. And how long do we have for that to take? I mean, if this isn’t happening basically instantly with regards to this process, this is going to be taking some time.
In this presentation, we will discuss financial reporting, after a business combination, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, financial reporting, after a business combination, show the combined entity starting on the date of combination and going forward. So in other words, we probably when we’re imagining this type of scenario, we’re going to say, Okay, I see how this all works out here. And then we imagine this happening if we have a calendar year in a calendar, fiscal year, January through December, we say, Alright, the purchase happens, it will just apply it to January out through December. But obviously, that’s not always the case here. What happens when we have that interim kind of transaction where the purchase happened sometime in the middle of the of the fiscal year then that adds some bit of a complication. So you want to think about this in terms of a clean, you know, year, if it happened at the beginning of the fiscal year in combination, and then you know, what would happen if it did not happen at the beginning of the fiscal year, so if a combination of During a fiscal period, revenue earned by the acquire II before the combination is not reported in revenue for that combined enterprise. So you can see that can add a bit of complication with regards to that reporting
In this presentation we can continue on discussing acquisitions, this time talking about other intangibles other intangibles other than goodwill, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. We are talking here about intangibles that must be recognized separately. So in prior presentations, we talked about an acquisition process and the recording of goodwill and the calculation of goodwill. Through that process, you’ll remember that we talked about the revaluation we had to reevaluate the assets and liability of the company that’s been acquired to their their value and then consider that or compare that, to the consideration that’s being given we can think about goodwill. Now in that process, however, we might have some other intangibles that need to be valued at that time as well, other than just simply the goodwill. So for example, we might have marketing related intangibles things like Internet domains and trademarks. So instead of just basically lumping everything into goodwill, we got to say okay, all right. They’re going to be marketing related intangibles like the internet domains and the trademarks that we need to apply some of that intangible amounts to we need to value in essence, those things as well breaking them out from just basically a kind of a lump sum valuation of goodwill.
This presentation we’re going to continue on with our discussion of acquisition accounting, and this time focusing in on a bargain purchase, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. First off, we can basically think of the bargain purchase as the opposite of goodwill. So in a prior presentation, we talked about the concept of goodwill within an acquisition, which would be resulting if the fair market value of the amount that was given like basically the purchasing price was greater than the fair market value of the net assets. So in other words, we take we look at the books of the company that’s being acquired, we’ve revalue their assets and liabilities to be on a fair market value, then assets minus liabilities, the equity section, the net assets now at a fair market value, we take a look at that. And if there’s a consideration that’s given that is greater than that amount, that then would result in goodwill. Now goodwill is quite common, because it’s unlikely even if you even if you re assess all the assets and liabilities to their fair value. Then you would typically think that the price would either be that that would be given the the amount that would be exchanged, the fair market value of the consideration would be the same as the assets minus the liabilities at fair market value, or more, because there’s some type of goodwill, that’s going to be that’s going to be in the organization. Now, you might be thinking, Well, what what if it was the opposite? What if you took the fair market value of the net assets, and the amount that was given the exchange amount was less than the fair market value? Now that could happen, but just note that that’s a lot more unusual.