This presentation we will be discussing the direct write off method. The direct write off method as it relates to accounts receivable, quick summary of accounts receivable accounts receivable is a current asset, it’s an asset with a debit balance, we are going to be writing off certain amounts for accounts receivable that will become not due or not collectible at some point in the future. There are two ways to do this one is called the allowance method. The other is the direct write off method, we will be using the direct write off method here the non generally accepted accounting principles method being this direct write off method. However, a method that is typically much easier to use. Therefore, when considering whether or not to use an allowance method or direct write off method, we want to consider one do we have to use an allowance method due to the fact that we need to make our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted Accounting Principles, or are we able to choose between having an allowance method or direct write off method? If we choose to have a direct write off method, it’s probably because we’re thinking that the receivables that will be written off are not significant.
Hello in this presentation we will be recording that journal entries for business transactions related to accounts receivable otherwise known as the revenue cycle. We will be recording these using debits and credits. At the end of this we will be able to list transactions involving accounts receivable record transactions involving accounts receivable using debits and credits and explain the effect of transactions on assets liabilities, equity, revenue, expenses and net income. We’re going to be recording these transactions up here on the left hand side constructing those journal entries in accordance with our thought process our list of questions to most efficiently construct the journal entries. We will then be posting them not to the general ledger but to this worksheet here so that we can see the quick calculation of the beginning balance and what is happening to the individual accounts as well. account types, in that we have the accounts categorized, as is the case for all trial balances. accounts have been in order that order been assets in this case in green, the liabilities in orange of the equity, light blue and the income statement accounts of Revenue and Expense Type accounts. first transaction perform work on account for $10,000.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to be taking a look at first in first out inventory method, we will be selling coffee mugs and we won’t be specifically identifying the coffee mugs. In this case, as we’ve talked about in a prior lecture of this time, we’re going to be using a cost flow assumption VAT cost flow assumption being the first in first out assumption this time to set up this problem in any cost flow assumption, I highly recommend putting together a worksheet that worksheet including headers of purchases columns, and then we got the cost of merchandise columns, then we have the ending inventory. I highly recommend setting up a worksheet like this, whether it’s by hand or in a computer or in Excel because it answers all the types of questions that could come up with an inventory cost flow type of assumption within those sections, we will then have the quantity and then the unit cost and the total cost we’re gonna have, if we sell something, we’re calculating the cost of that sale.
In this presentation, we will compare and contrast the perpetual and periodic inventory systems as we track inventory through the accounting process. First, we’re going to look at the perpetual system, the system we typically think of when recording transactions that deal with inventory. So if a transaction doesn’t say it’s using a periodic or perpetual system, you probably want to default to the perpetual system. We have here the owner, we have the customer, we’re saying that we’re selling this inventory this Inc for a cost of 8450. To the customer, the customer is not paying cash but pain, an IOU to the owner. Typically, under a perpetual system. We break this out into two components one, the IOU, or the accounts receivable or sales component. The component similar to what would be seen if we were not selling merchandise but a service company.
In this presentation we will talk about the cash receipts journal. The cash receipts journal will be used when we have cash receipts when using a more of a manual system or a data input system that we will be doing by hand as opposed to an automated system. It’s still useful to know the cash receipts journal if using an automated system for a few different reasons. One is that we might want to generate reports from an automated system, similar to what we would be creating in a manual system for a cash receipts journal. And to it’s just a good idea to have different types of systems in mind, so we can see what’s the same and what is different between different accounting systems. The cash receipts journal will be used for every time we have a cash receipts. So the thing that transaction triggering a cash receipt will be when cash is being used. And we’re going to have a little bit more complex complexity in a cash receipts journal than something like a sales journal because we may be receiving cash for multiple different things.
In this presentation we will take a look at the purchases journal for a merchandising company. Purchases journal will be used when we make purchases for a type of system that will typically more be more of a manual system as opposed to an automated system. However, it is useful to know this in order to have an automated system because the automated system will generate reports that will be similar to a purchase journal and because it’s good to know how different system works to know what are similar what’s different, so that we better understand whatever system we are using. The purchases journal may better be described as the purchase journal on account. So that’s going to be the major point meaning if we make purchases for something that in cash if we spent cash to make the purchase then it will not go in the purchases journal even though we made a purchase because it will go into cash payments journal. So this is really kind of a short name. The accounts payable journal might be a better name for it or the purchases journal on account, but purchases journal is typically the term that will be used.
In this presentation, we will take a look at a sales journal for a merchandising company. When recording transactions related to a sales journal, we will be recording transactions for sales into the sales journal those been journal entries that are typically used when we have a system done by hand rather than an automated system. So a sales journal will be used. Typically when we’re having more of a manual system. It is good to know this for a automated system as well. Because the automated system one might want to run reports that are similar to the sales journal and to it’s good to know different types of formats for the accounting process to know what’s the same and what is different. So that that will better help us to understand any type of system we are using.
Hello. In this lecture we’re going to talk about the accounts payable subsidiary ledger accounts payable subsidiary ledger will be backing up the accounts payable account on the trial balance or the balance sheet. As we can see in the example here we have a balance of 1640 in accounts payable. If an owner asks the question of how much money do we owe to vendors? The answer would then be 1006 40, which we can see on the balance sheet or the trial balance. But the next question that will follow will be who do we owe that money to? And how do is it which of these vendors should we be paying? First? In order to answer that question, we may try to go to the detailed account, which is the general ledger. Typically every account is backed up by the general ledger, we can see that we have the same balance here and we can see that we have activity however, the activity is in order by date. And that’s not really helpful for us to determine who exactly we still owe at this point in time. In order to determine who we owe, we need to organize this information.
Hello in this presentation we’re going to talk about adjusting entry rules. In order to talk about adjusting entry rules. We first want to distinguish what adjusting entries are from normal journal entries. Normal journal entries being those transactions we will be recording throughout the month including the payment of the utility bill pain of wages, purchasing something on account the things that the accounting department typically does. Within the adjusting process, we’re going to draw a line or head and say the adjusting department is done in a separate department or as a separate process have a separate set of rules. Some of those rules being the same as for every journal entry, some different, the adjusting process is going to adjust accounts such as prepaid insurance, depreciation, unearned revenue, those types of accounts that need to be adjusted as of the end of the time period as a financial statement date in order to make the accounts on an accrual basis as of that date.
Hello in this presentation we will be recording a business transactions related to accounts payable or the purchases cycle recording these transactions with debits and credits. At the end of this we will be able to list transactions involving accounts payable, record transactions involving accounts payable using debits and credits and explain the effect of transactions on assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, expenses and net income. We’re going to be recording these transactions up here in the left hand side in accordance with our thought process. We will then be posting these not to the general ledger but to a worksheet format so that we can see a quick calculation as to what is the impact or effect on the individual accounts as well as the effect on the account groups as a whole. Remember that all the groups for the accounts will always be listed in order when you’re looking at a trial balance. Which is why I recommend looking at a trial balance.