Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we’ll take a look at the equity method and land transfer get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, land transfer intercompany. Within the context of our consolidation, then we’re talking about situations where land is transferred from subsidiary to parent like a sale from subsidiary to parent or from parent to subsidiary. That resulting in basically an intercompany type of transaction we’re going to have to deal with with the consolidation process and possibly with the recording of the equity method by the parent as they reflect their investment in the subsidiary. We talked a little bit last time about the land transfer being similar to the inventory transfer because typically you’ll have like a gain that will be involved in it and your physical inventory that is changing hands. It does not have the added complexity as the property plant and equipment type of transfer. That would be depreciable assets with regards to accumulated appreciation and appreciation.
This presentation we’re going to take a look at the consolidation process for a 100% owned subsidiary. In other words, when we’re thinking about one company owning another company in advanced financial accounting, we’re usually looking at the situation and spending most of our time where we have some kind of consolidation process. So we want to Vin take the consolidation process and look at it in levels of complexity. So we’re going to start with a level of complexity, that’s going to be an easier setting where we will have 100% owned subsidiary, and then we’ll go from there and add more complications to it. Get ready to account with advanced financial accounting to ownership and control and prior presentations, we took a look at different methods based on different levels of ownership and control. We said in general, if we had zero to 20%, we use the carried value and then 20 percents kind of an arbitrary number, but if we’re over that amount, we’re really looking at the term of significant influence it for over the 20% from 20 to 50% then The assumption is that we would be using the equity method because the assumption would be if over 20% unless spoken otherwise, unless some unreal, some reason, otherwise, we would then have this significant influence and therefore be justified to use the equity method. And then if you’re over 51%, then you may have the consolidation. Now, when we think about these two methods that they carried value in the equity method, we can basically explain those as we go, you know, if you got anything from zero to 20%, then we could just basically say, yeah, then you fall into this category, let’s talk about the accounting in general.
In this presentation, we will take a look at an overview of the consolidation process, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, consolidation process overview we’re talking about a situation where we have two or more separate entities that are under a common control. So the basic kind of format of that you’re imagining here, then you have a parent and a subsidiary, these are going to be connected in some way shape or form because the parent has control over the subsidiary, we can imagine more complex situations, for example, having one parent and multiple subsidiaries as well. The entities will be showing as if they are one entity. So if we have a situation like this, if there’s a control type of situation, it’s quite possible then we’re going to have the the subsidiary and the parent These are two separate companies have a consolidated basically a financial statement. So the financial statement the idea of that being we’re going to take these two financials and represent them as if these two separate entities in this case, two or more can be more than two are one entity. This means two or more sets of books are merged into one set of financial statements. So obviously, what does that look like from a practical standpoint, we have the parent company, we have this subsidiary company, they have two sets of books, we’re gonna have to take those two sets of books and put them together for the financial statements. Here is an example of a slightly more complex situation where we still have parent subsidiary relationships but multiple pole subsidiaries in this case, so we have the parent subsidiary one where there’s a 75% ownership. So we’re over we have a controlling interest, we’re over that 51, we’re going to say there’s a controlling interest here, therefore there’s going to be a consolidation. So we’re gonna have a consolidation subsidiary to is owned 52%. So we’re still over the 51.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to record the adjusting entry related to depreciation were recorded on the left hand side, that’s where the journal entry will go. And then we’ll post that to the trial balance on the right hand side trial balance being in the format of assets in green liabilities in the orange. Then we have the equity section in the light blue and the income statement, including revenue and expenses in the darker blue. We’ll first talk about what accounts are affected and then we’ll go back and explain why this is the case. So first, we know that it’s an adjusting entry. So that’s going to have some added rules, you want to keep the adjusting entry separate in your head from just normal journal entries. all entries have at least two accounts and an equal number of debits and credits as well as adjusting entries. But adjusting entries are all made of as of the cutoff date, we’re gonna say 1231 in this case, and they generally have one account above this equity line above the capital meaning a balance sheet account and one account below that line meaning an income statement accounts.