Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will take a look at interim financial reporting or rules get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. Interim financial reporting rules started off with interim report. So interim reports they will cover a time period of less than a single year. So when we’re thinking about the interim reports, when we’re thinking about interim information, we have the year in information when we think about financial statements, we often what pops into most people’s head most of the time are going to be for the year ended financial statements income statement covering January through December balance sheet covering the year end. If it’s a fiscal year calendar year in interim, then we’re going to be talking about the financial statements at some interim period typically quarterly, quarterly meaning first, second, third quarter and then you got the yearly information for the fourth quarter. Therefore, the interim reports they will cover a time period of less than a single year. The goal is to provide timely information about the company’s options. Throughout the year, so obviously more information is nice. We want timely information for the decision makers, we got the year end reports, it would be nice if we have the quarterly reports, which we have now, to give us more timely information as the year goes by. quarterly reports are required to be published for publicly held companies. So if you’re a publicly held company, that company’s stock is being traded on stock exchanges and whatnot, then people need current information. The market needs current information. Therefore, it’s a requirement to have the quarterly reporting for that timely information. The quarterly reports can generally be thought of as smaller versions of the annual report. So when we think about the annual reporting, what’s going to be included in it, the quarterly reports is, as you would kind of expect, right a smaller version of that as we’re doing the reporting for a timeframe that’s going to be less than the entire year. Here some type of interim reporting requirements form q 10 q or form 10 q sec s quarterly report.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will give an overview of segment reporting, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, overview segment reporting. So when we think about segment reporting, we’re thinking about a company breaking that company into the segments. And when we think about the segments, two questions we want to consider are what is a segment? How does one qualify or how does a segment qualify as a segment and once qualifying for a segment, then what are going to be the financial reporting that needs to be done for the segment? So three characteristics of an operating segment, the component units, business activities, generate revenue and incur expenses. So the component unit that unit you can think about like a separate unit incurs revenue and has expenses including any revenue or expenses in transactions with other business units of the company? So we’re including the transactions if you’re thinking about it as a different segment, a different unit? You’re thinking okay, they have revenue and expenses with In the revenue worth, we’re also including any revenue or expenses, in transactions with other business units of the company. So you’re kind of thinking about a segment as being somewhat autonomous in and of itself here, and therefore having its own basically revenue and expenses, although it can be connected to other segments, the component units, operating results are regularly reviewed by the entities Chief Operating mark, operating decision maker.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process step three of the four step closing process, which will include the close of the income summary to the capital account. Remember that our objective is to close out all the temporary accounts, which are all the accounts below capital, including drawers, and the income statement accounts of revenue and expenses. So we want the adjusted trial balance to be converted to the post, post closing trial balance, which means that everything from capital on down will be zero. The way we do that is the four steps and that includes step one we did in a prior video closeout income to the income summary. Step two was to close out expenses to the income summary. Step three is what we’re going to do now close out the income summary now having net income in it to the capital account, then we’re finally going to close out the draws to the capital account.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process. Step two of the four step process being closing the expense accounts to the income summary. Remember that the goal of the closing process is to close out the temporary accounts that would include the drawers as well as all the income statement accounts, including revenue and expenses to the capital account. So we want our adjusted trial balance to thing we used to make our financial statements to look like the post closing trial balance with all the zeros from the capital accounts down. How do we do that? Last time we did the first step step one, which was to close out income to the income summary. This time we’re going to close out expenses to the income summary. Next time we’re going to close out the income summary to the capital account. And finally closeout draws to the capital account.
Hello, in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process step one of the step four process. Last time, we talked about the objectives of the closing process, which in essence was to close out the temporary accounts, all the accounts from the draws, and the revenue and expenses on down to zero. Putting that balance into the capital account, we talked about how we were going to do that, we’re going to do a four step process, including closeout, the income to the income summary, and then close out the expenses to the income summary. And then we’re going to close out the entire income summary to the capital account. And finally closeout draws to the capital account. We’re going to start off with step one of those four step processes. In order to do this. We are adding this new account you’ve probably been wondering, income summary account, what is that? Where did it come from? Why is it there? The income summary can be called a clearing account, meaning it’s going to start at zero and it’s going to end at zero right when we’re done with this four step process which we’re going to do basically at the same point. Time.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to talk about the objectives of the closing process the closing process will happen after the financial statements have been created. So we will have done the journal entries where we will have compiled those journal entries into a trial balance, and then we will have made the financial statements. And then as of the end of the period in this case, we’re going to say as of December, when we move into the next time period, January, what we need to do is close out some of the temporary accounts those accounts including the income statement and the draws account so that we can start the new period from start in a similar way as if we were trying to see how many miles we could drive say in a month. If we wanted to Vince in December, and then see how many miles we’re going to drive in January of next year.
Hello in this lecture we will discuss the accounting building blocks and the double entry accounting system. At the end of this we will be able to define and describe the double entry accounting system, write down the accounting equation and define each individual part of it, define and describe debits and credits, define a balance sheet and list its parts define an income statement list its parts and explain the relationship between the balance sheet and the income statement. Okay, so starting off every business and accounting software uses the double entry accounting system. So the double entry accounting system, it’s kind of like the math behind the calculator, every software is going to use it. In order to understand what the system is doing, we need to understand the double entry accounting system.
In this presentation, we will record the journal entry related to a note payable related to taking out a new loan from the bank. Here’s going to be our terms. We’re going to record that here in our general journal and then we’ll post that to our worksheet. The trial balances in order assets, liabilities, equity, income and expenses, we have the debits being non bracketed or positive and the credits being bracketed or negative debits minus the credits equaling zero net income currently at 700,000 income, not a loss, revenue minus expenses. The difficult thing in terms of a book problem, when we record the loan is typically that we have too much information and this is the difficult thing in practice as well. So once we have the terms of the loan, and we have the information, we’ve already taken the loan out, then it’s the question of well, how are we going to record this thing? How are we going to put it on the books and if we have this information here, if we have a loan for 100,000, the interest is 9%. And then the next number of payments that we’re going to have, we’re going to pay back our 36. Then how do we record this on the books? Well, first, we know that we can ask our question is cash affected? We’re going to say, Yeah, because we got a loan for 100,000. That’s why we got the loan.
So cash is a debit balance, it’s going to go up with a debit, so we’ll increase the cash. And then the other side of it is going to be something we owe back in the future. And that’s going to be note payable. And that’s as easy as it is to record the initial loan. The problem with this the thing it’s difficult in practice, and in the book question is that we’re often given, of course, the other information, like the interest in the number of payments, and possibly more information that can cloudy up the what we’re doing, and the reason these are needed, so that we calculate interest in the future, but they’re not really We don’t even need that information to record the initial loan. All we need to know is that we got cash and we owe it back in the future. And you might be asking, Well, what about the interest we owe interest in the future as well? We do, but we don’t know it yet. And that that’s the confusing thing interest, although we we will pay interest and we know exactly how much interest we’re going to pay in the future. We don’t owe it yet. Why don’t we owe it yet? Because we’re going to pay back more than 100,000. Why don’t we Why don’t we record something greater than 100,000? You might say, because we know we’re going to pay more than 100,000. And that’s because the interest is something that it’s like rent. So we’re paying rent on the use of this 100,000. And just like if we if we had a building that we rented, that we’re using for office space, we’re not even though we know we’re going to pay rent in the future. We’re not going to record the rent now. Because we haven’t incurred it until we use the building.
So the same things happening here. We know we’re going to pay interest in the future we’re no we know we’re going to pay more than 100,000 but it hasn’t happened yet. We haven’t used up we haven’t gotten the use of this hundred thousand and therefore haven’t incurred the expense of it yet. So the interest and is something we need to negotiate when making To turn off the loan, but once the loan has been made, and we’re just trying to record it, it’s not going to be in the initial recording. It will be there when we calculate the payments need and the amortization table. So the initial recording is pretty straightforward. We’re just going to say okay, cash is going to go up by 100,000. And then the notes payable is going to go up from zero in the credit direction to 100,000. So what we have here is the cash increasing the liability increasing, although we got cash, there’s no effect on net income because we haven’t incurred any expenses. We’re going to use that cash most likely to pay for expenses possibly or pay for other assets or pay off liabilities in order to help us to generate revenue in the future. But as of now, we’ve gotten we increase an asset and we increase the liability
In this presentation we will talk about how to set up and record a petty cash fund. Setting up a petty cash fund seems like an easy thing to do to have a minimal amount of cash that we can have expenditures for small purchases for however, it can be a little bit tricky to set up the petty cash fund and there is kind of a shortcut to recording transactions for the petty cash fund. So we’ll go over the process of setting up the petty cash fund recording the initial investment in the petty cash fund and then recording the activity from the petty cash fund. Now the objective of course in this will be to have not just the checking account where we need authorization in order to take money out of the checking account, we would typically want anything going out of the checking account to be by electronic fund transfer or by cheque so that we have a clear paper trail of what is going on the petty cash However, if we just have some small items that we need to take care of with cash and as to convenient to have small items with cash to be paid.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to record an adjusting entry related to supplies. Remember that adjusting entries are going to have their own set of rules, you want to keep them separate in your head. They are still journal entries, and they follow the journal entry rules. But if we know that we are dealing with adjusting entries, we can apply an additional set of rules to help us to understand what the journal entry will be. For example, the adjusting entries will all be at the end of the time period, the end of the month or the end of the year. And if we take a look at the supplies account, we also know that typical adjusting entries will always have an account in the balance sheet section in terms of the trial balance that’s going to be somewhere up above this owner’s capital account. So we look for an account on the trial balance related to this supplies. on the balance sheet we said how about supplies and we also note that the supplies, the adjusting entries will have an account below the equity section below the owner’s capital in the income statement, revenue and expenses.