Interim Financial Reporting Rules

Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will take a look at interim financial reporting or rules get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. Interim financial reporting rules started off with interim report. So interim reports they will cover a time period of less than a single year. So when we’re thinking about the interim reports, when we’re thinking about interim information, we have the year in information when we think about financial statements, we often what pops into most people’s head most of the time are going to be for the year ended financial statements income statement covering January through December balance sheet covering the year end. If it’s a fiscal year calendar year in interim, then we’re going to be talking about the financial statements at some interim period typically quarterly, quarterly meaning first, second, third quarter and then you got the yearly information for the fourth quarter. Therefore, the interim reports they will cover a time period of less than a single year. The goal is to provide timely information about the company’s options. Throughout the year, so obviously more information is nice. We want timely information for the decision makers, we got the year end reports, it would be nice if we have the quarterly reports, which we have now, to give us more timely information as the year goes by. quarterly reports are required to be published for publicly held companies. So if you’re a publicly held company, that company’s stock is being traded on stock exchanges and whatnot, then people need current information. The market needs current information. Therefore, it’s a requirement to have the quarterly reporting for that timely information. The quarterly reports can generally be thought of as smaller versions of the annual report. So when we think about the annual reporting, what’s going to be included in it, the quarterly reports is, as you would kind of expect, right a smaller version of that as we’re doing the reporting for a timeframe that’s going to be less than the entire year. Here some type of interim reporting requirements form q 10 q or form 10 q sec s quarterly report.


Segment Reporting Overview

Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will give an overview of segment reporting, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, overview segment reporting. So when we think about segment reporting, we’re thinking about a company breaking that company into the segments. And when we think about the segments, two questions we want to consider are what is a segment? How does one qualify or how does a segment qualify as a segment and once qualifying for a segment, then what are going to be the financial reporting that needs to be done for the segment? So three characteristics of an operating segment, the component units, business activities, generate revenue and incur expenses. So the component unit that unit you can think about like a separate unit incurs revenue and has expenses including any revenue or expenses in transactions with other business units of the company? So we’re including the transactions if you’re thinking about it as a different segment, a different unit? You’re thinking okay, they have revenue and expenses with In the revenue worth, we’re also including any revenue or expenses, in transactions with other business units of the company. So you’re kind of thinking about a segment as being somewhat autonomous in and of itself here, and therefore having its own basically revenue and expenses, although it can be connected to other segments, the component units, operating results are regularly reviewed by the entities Chief Operating mark, operating decision maker.


Closing Process Explained

Hello in this lecture we’re going to talk about the objectives of the closing process the closing process will happen after the financial statements have been created. So we will have done the journal entries where we will have compiled those journal entries into a trial balance, and then we will have made the financial statements. And then as of the end of the period in this case, we’re going to say as of December, when we move into the next time period, January, what we need to do is close out some of the temporary accounts those accounts including the income statement and the draws account so that we can start the new period from start in a similar way as if we were trying to see how many miles we could drive say in a month. If we wanted to Vince in December, and then see how many miles we’re going to drive in January of next year.


Accounting Building Blocks

Hello in this lecture we will discuss the accounting building blocks and the double entry accounting system. At the end of this we will be able to define and describe the double entry accounting system, write down the accounting equation and define each individual part of it, define and describe debits and credits, define a balance sheet and list its parts define an income statement list its parts and explain the relationship between the balance sheet and the income statement. Okay, so starting off every business and accounting software uses the double entry accounting system. So the double entry accounting system, it’s kind of like the math behind the calculator, every software is going to use it. In order to understand what the system is doing, we need to understand the double entry accounting system.


Note Payable Journal Entry

In this presentation, we will record the journal entry related to a note payable related to taking out a new loan from the bank. Here’s going to be our terms. We’re going to record that here in our general journal and then we’ll post that to our worksheet. The trial balances in order assets, liabilities, equity, income and expenses, we have the debits being non bracketed or positive and the credits being bracketed or negative debits minus the credits equaling zero net income currently at 700,000 income, not a loss, revenue minus expenses. The difficult thing in terms of a book problem, when we record the loan is typically that we have too much information and this is the difficult thing in practice as well. So once we have the terms of the loan, and we have the information, we’ve already taken the loan out, then it’s the question of well, how are we going to record this thing? How are we going to put it on the books and if we have this information here, if we have a loan for 100,000, the interest is 9%. And then the next number of payments that we’re going to have, we’re going to pay back our 36. Then how do we record this on the books? Well, first, we know that we can ask our question is cash affected? We’re going to say, Yeah, because we got a loan for 100,000. That’s why we got the loan.



So cash is a debit balance, it’s going to go up with a debit, so we’ll increase the cash. And then the other side of it is going to be something we owe back in the future. And that’s going to be note payable. And that’s as easy as it is to record the initial loan. The problem with this the thing it’s difficult in practice, and in the book question is that we’re often given, of course, the other information, like the interest in the number of payments, and possibly more information that can cloudy up the what we’re doing, and the reason these are needed, so that we calculate interest in the future, but they’re not really We don’t even need that information to record the initial loan. All we need to know is that we got cash and we owe it back in the future. And you might be asking, Well, what about the interest we owe interest in the future as well? We do, but we don’t know it yet. And that that’s the confusing thing interest, although we we will pay interest and we know exactly how much interest we’re going to pay in the future. We don’t owe it yet. Why don’t we owe it yet? Because we’re going to pay back more than 100,000. Why don’t we Why don’t we record something greater than 100,000? You might say, because we know we’re going to pay more than 100,000. And that’s because the interest is something that it’s like rent. So we’re paying rent on the use of this 100,000. And just like if we if we had a building that we rented, that we’re using for office space, we’re not even though we know we’re going to pay rent in the future. We’re not going to record the rent now. Because we haven’t incurred it until we use the building.



So the same things happening here. We know we’re going to pay interest in the future we’re no we know we’re going to pay more than 100,000 but it hasn’t happened yet. We haven’t used up we haven’t gotten the use of this hundred thousand and therefore haven’t incurred the expense of it yet. So the interest and is something we need to negotiate when making To turn off the loan, but once the loan has been made, and we’re just trying to record it, it’s not going to be in the initial recording. It will be there when we calculate the payments need and the amortization table. So the initial recording is pretty straightforward. We’re just going to say okay, cash is going to go up by 100,000. And then the notes payable is going to go up from zero in the credit direction to 100,000. So what we have here is the cash increasing the liability increasing, although we got cash, there’s no effect on net income because we haven’t incurred any expenses. We’re going to use that cash most likely to pay for expenses possibly or pay for other assets or pay off liabilities in order to help us to generate revenue in the future. But as of now, we’ve gotten we increase an asset and we increase the liability