Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss the remeasurement process for financial statements of a foreign subsidiary. Get ready to account with advanced financial accounting remeasurement financial statement of foreign subsidiary remeasurement overview so we’re going to go through the process of the remeasurement. As you think of the measurement process, you want to be comparing and contrasting it to the translation process. So you’re envisioning basically you got a parent company. The parent company has a subsidiary the subsidiary is a foreign subsidiary. The subsidiary then conducts their books. Typically we’re thinking in a foreign currency right, that subsidiary is conducting their books in a foreign currency. If we need to consolidate the subsidiary into the parents financial statements, the parent uses dollars to measure their books subsidiary uses a foreign currency on the bookkeeping side, how do we get them over $2 so we can do the consolidation process. two methods generally we can use a translation method or a remeasurement method, and we have to determine which method we’re going to use by determining what the functional currency is. And once we know what the functional currency is, then we can determine whether we need to use the translation method or the remeasurement method. And they’re going to be slightly different. Now note, there’s also a third kind of option where we might have to use translation and remeasurement if there was a situation where the foreign currency has the financial statements, and something other than the US dollars and then the functional currency was not the currency that their bookkeeping was in, and it’s not the US dollar.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will discuss translate financial statements of foreign subsidiary, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, translate financial statements of foreign subsidiary. So we’ll go through the general process of the translation process for the revenue and expenses, the average exchange rate for the period covered by the statement is the rate that is generally going to be used. And again, this would make sense, because if we’re talking about the revenue and expenses, we can’t really pick one rate, because that is a statement of how the performance did over time from beginning to the end. And therefore we need to use some kind of rate that would be representative and it wouldn’t really make sense to use the rate at the end of the timeframe but possibly some average of it. So a single material transaction is translated using the rate in effect on the translation date. So then there could be an argument that could be made we could say okay, so We’re not going to use just one rate, like at the end of the time period like we’re using on the balance sheet generally, because that would make more sense on the balance sheet because it’s reported as of a point in time. But on the income statement, yeah, it makes more sense for us to use some rate that’s kind of reflective of the timeframe. So possibly we’ll use an average rate. But what if we have this really material type of transaction that’s really large transaction, maybe in that case, we should we should deviate from just an average rate and use the rate as of that point in time or like a historical rate at that point in time. assets, liabilities and equity. So now we’re talking about the balance sheet. So for the most part on the balance sheet, you would think all right, it would make more sense then for us to be using the current exchange rate, which would be as of the date of the balance sheet date. So which says as of the end of the time period, if we’re talking for the for 1231 income statements or financial statements for the year ended 1231 then we’re talking 1231. The end of the time period is when all the balance sheet accounts are reporting as Oh, As of that point in time, and therefore, for the most part, you would think that the current exchange rate, the rate as of that point in time would work. However, you can also think that the historical exchange rate might be used for some items, some, again, some kind of large items power, possibly for the property, plant and equipment.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to talk about creating a statement of cash flows using the indirect method, we will be able to define a statement of cash flows, create a statement of cash flows explain a process of creating a statement of cash flows designed to limit mistakes and define the indirect method. So what we’ll do is we’ll work through basically a problem and look through the statement of cash flows. We want to think about a few things we want to think about how to create a statement of cash flows, we want to think about a few definitions of what is a statement of cash flows, we want to kind of explain what the purpose is of a statement of cash flows and going through the process can help us to do that. Also want to point out that creating the statement of cash flows can help us with setting up a problem in such a way that we can limit the amount of mistakes that we will make. So a statement of cash flows is something that in a lot of firms, people generally often have problems to create the statement of cash flows. And it’s good practice to go in there and and create the statement of cash flows and try to create a system in which it’s easy for us to have checkpoints and see where a problem is going to happen.
In this presentation, we will take a look at the statement of cash flows using the direct method. Here’s going to be our information we got the comparative balance sheet, the income statement and some additional information. And we will use this information to put together our worksheet which will be the primary source used to create the statement of cash flows using the direct method. This is going to be our worksheet. Now most of this worksheet will be similar to what we have done for the indirect method, in that we took the difference in the balance sheet accounts. So we’re taking the current year and the prior year, the current period, the prior period, all the balance sheet accounts, we’ve got cashed down to the retained earnings for the balance sheet accounts. But we’re also in this case going to give us the income statement accounts for the current period. So in other words, we’re going to break out the retained earnings the amount to its component parts, meaning we’ve got net income being broken out on the income statement. We’ve got sales cost of goods sold, the income statement accounts. So it’s going to be our same kind of worksheet here, we’re going to be in balance, we’ve converted it from a plus and minus format, we’ve removed all of the subtitles as we did under the indirect method.
This presentation we will continue on with our statement of cash flows, we’re not going to enter the final adjustments that we will need to finalize the statement of cash flows to bring those last few numbers to the correct balances. In order to do that, we’re going to use this information we’ve got our comparative balance sheet, our income statement and additional information. We put together most of our information so far with the comparative balance sheet, which we made into a worksheet. Now we’re going to use some of these other resources, the income statement, the additional resources to make those final adjustments, those fine tunings that are needed to get those few numbers that we have left and noted into balance. And this is going to be part of the normal practice where once we get this information set up, we can then make some comparisons such as net income does it tie out, such as depreciation does it tie out on the cash flow statement to what we see here on the income statement, then we can have this other information which will be given in both problems in practice, of course, we’ll just go to the gym. General Ledger. And we’ll get this information in a book problem, we don’t want to give all the detail of a general ledger or just when we’re going over an example.
In this presentation, we will continue on with our statement of cash flows. Taking a look at the investing activities, specifically the purchase of equipment, we’re going to be using the comparative balance sheet, the income statement and additional information focusing here on the comparative balance sheet, which we use to make this worksheet. So this worksheet is our comparative balance sheet. We’ve been going through this worksheet and really looking for the differences. We’re finding a home for all the differences. Once we do that, we’re feeling pretty good. We have done this all the way through the operating activities. So are the cash flows from operations. So we’ve gone through here we’ve kind of picked and choose the items that are going to be cash flows from operations, which is probably the way most people approach this. But just note that as we’ve done that, we’ve tried to pick up the exact differences here. We haven’t gone to the income statement and thought about it separately outside of this worksheet, and then we’re going to go back and make adjustments. So we found a home for the difference in cash because that’s Kind of like our bottom line. And then we’ve got accounts receivable, inventory prepaid expenses, and then we skipped equipment and went down to accounts payable.
In this presentation, we will continue on with our statement of cash flows using the indirect method looking in on the change in accounts payable, we’re going to be using this information or a comparative balance sheet income statement and other information focusing primarily on comparative balance sheet creating a worksheet with it, looking like this. This basically being the comparative balance sheet. But in a post closing trial balance format, we have our two periods and the difference between those periods here. Our goal is to find a home for all of these differences. Once we do so we’ll end up with basically the change in cash. That being our bottom line that we’re looking for. We’ve gone through this information in terms of the cash flows from operations. We’re currently looking through the current assets, and now we’re moving on to the current liabilities. So we’ve looked at the accounts receivable, the inventory, prepaid expenses, we have these here. We’re moving on now to a liability and notice when we do that, when we’re working From the worksheet, we’re kind of skipping over some things here.
Hello in this presentation we will discuss the post closing trial balance and financial statements. When considering the financial statement relationship to the trial balance, we typically think of the adjusted trial balance that being used to create the financial statement. It’s important to note, however, that any trial balance that we use can be generated into financial statements. It’s just that the adjusted trial balance is the one that we have totally completed and prepared and ready. In order to create the financial statements to be as correct as possible as of the date we want them, which is usually the end of the month or the end of the year. Note that the names of the unadjusted trial balance the adjusted trial balance and the post closing trial balance are really a convention they’re all basically trial balances.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to continue on with the closing process with step four, the final step of the process which will be to close out the draws. Remember that the objective is to have the adjusted trial balance be converted to the post closing trial balance. adjusted trial balance is what we use to create the financial statements. And the difference between the adjusted trial balance and the post closing trial balance will be that we want to have all temporary accounts including draws revenue and expense accounts to be converted to zero and have all that be in the owner capital account meaning the owner capital account will now be including all these accounts underneath it crunched into basically one number, we’re going to do that with a four step process.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to talk about the closing process step three of the four step closing process, which will include the close of the income summary to the capital account. Remember that our objective is to close out all the temporary accounts, which are all the accounts below capital, including drawers, and the income statement accounts of revenue and expenses. So we want the adjusted trial balance to be converted to the post, post closing trial balance, which means that everything from capital on down will be zero. The way we do that is the four steps and that includes step one we did in a prior video closeout income to the income summary. Step two was to close out expenses to the income summary. Step three is what we’re going to do now close out the income summary now having net income in it to the capital account, then we’re finally going to close out the draws to the capital account.