Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss functional currency get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, functional currency. When financial statements are restated from a foreign currency into US dollars, we must consider which exchange rate should be used to translate the foreign currency amounts to the domestic currency. So, when we translate the foreign currency to the domestic currency, we’ll have to determine what our exchange rate Are we going to be using in order to do so how will we account for translation gains and losses? So if there’s going to be a translation gain or loss, what are we going to do with that? In other words, should we put the translation gains and losses as part of the income statement reporting it on the income statement, the gains and losses that are due to the translation process exchange rates that may be used? So what kind of exchange rates might we use during this exchange process? Well, we could use the current rates probably the first thing that comes to mind you say, Hey, we got the financial status. As of the year ended of this time period, why don’t we just use the current rate. And that’s typically what we will do for the balance sheet amounts. And that typically makes sense for the balance sheet amounts, because remember, the financial statements, of course on the balance sheet represents where we are at a particular point in time. So simply converting them makes some sense on the balance sheet. But you also might think, Well, what about those things, you know, that we purchased, like fixed assets at a point in time, maybe we should use the point in time that we had the purchase took place. So you could argue on that on the balance sheet, but the current rate on the balance sheet and makes the most sense, but if you’re looking at the income statement, the current rate might not make as much sense because we’re measuring a timeframe that from a year will, let’s say, for a year’s timeframe from the beginning to the end, so maybe it doesn’t seem quite right to use simply the current rate, which would be the rate as of the end of the financial statements if we’re talking like December 31, rather than using some type of race. That would be representative of the period that would covered being January through December, we could use the historical rate, that’s gonna be the rate that exists at the time the initial transaction took place. And again, this one is often would make sense to us if we’re talking about a situation like if we bought equipment or something like that fixed assets, property, plant and equipment, large purchases that are on the books, we might say, well, maybe we should be putting those on the books at the rate that we should be using at the time, basically, the transaction took place. So maybe we would argue for the historical right there. And then we have the average rate for the period, generally a simple average for a period of time, usually the exchange rate used to measure revenues and expenses.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss disclosure requirements get ready to account with advanced financial accounting disclosure requirements. We have the management discussion and analysis that’s often referred to as the M D and A discusses a company’s financial condition and results from operations. The MD and a are part of the basic information package required in major filing with the SEC, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Items currently required in the MD and a the management discussion and analysis include liquidity, capital resources, results of operations, off balance sheet arrangements, tabular disclosure of contractual obligations, disclosure requirements, pro forma disclosures, pro forma disclosures, financial presentations generally taking the form of summarized financial statements. demonstrate the effect of major transactions that happen after the end of the fiscal period or that happened during the year, but are not fully reflected in the company’s historical cost financial statements.
In this presentation, we will continue on with our statement of cash flows. Taking a look at the investing activities, specifically the purchase of equipment, we’re going to be using the comparative balance sheet, the income statement and additional information focusing here on the comparative balance sheet, which we use to make this worksheet. So this worksheet is our comparative balance sheet. We’ve been going through this worksheet and really looking for the differences. We’re finding a home for all the differences. Once we do that, we’re feeling pretty good. We have done this all the way through the operating activities. So are the cash flows from operations. So we’ve gone through here we’ve kind of picked and choose the items that are going to be cash flows from operations, which is probably the way most people approach this. But just note that as we’ve done that, we’ve tried to pick up the exact differences here. We haven’t gone to the income statement and thought about it separately outside of this worksheet, and then we’re going to go back and make adjustments. So we found a home for the difference in cash because that’s Kind of like our bottom line. And then we’ve got accounts receivable, inventory prepaid expenses, and then we skipped equipment and went down to accounts payable.