Corporate Finance PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will give an introduction to ratio analysis. Get ready, it’s time to take your chance with corporate finance, Introduction to ratio analysis. So once we have the financial statements, then we want to think about how best to use those financial statements for decision making purposes. So remember, then the two primary financial statements being the balance sheet and the income statement, we can think of them answering primary questions that a user of the financial statements may have, such as an investor or someone who’s thinking about investing into the company may want to know where the company stands as of a point in time, that once again, is the balance sheet.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will discuss translate financial statements of foreign subsidiary, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, translate financial statements of foreign subsidiary. So we’ll go through the general process of the translation process for the revenue and expenses, the average exchange rate for the period covered by the statement is the rate that is generally going to be used. And again, this would make sense, because if we’re talking about the revenue and expenses, we can’t really pick one rate, because that is a statement of how the performance did over time from beginning to the end. And therefore we need to use some kind of rate that would be representative and it wouldn’t really make sense to use the rate at the end of the timeframe but possibly some average of it. So a single material transaction is translated using the rate in effect on the translation date. So then there could be an argument that could be made we could say okay, so We’re not going to use just one rate, like at the end of the time period like we’re using on the balance sheet generally, because that would make more sense on the balance sheet because it’s reported as of a point in time. But on the income statement, yeah, it makes more sense for us to use some rate that’s kind of reflective of the timeframe. So possibly we’ll use an average rate. But what if we have this really material type of transaction that’s really large transaction, maybe in that case, we should we should deviate from just an average rate and use the rate as of that point in time or like a historical rate at that point in time. assets, liabilities and equity. So now we’re talking about the balance sheet. So for the most part on the balance sheet, you would think all right, it would make more sense then for us to be using the current exchange rate, which would be as of the date of the balance sheet date. So which says as of the end of the time period, if we’re talking for the for 1231 income statements or financial statements for the year ended 1231 then we’re talking 1231. The end of the time period is when all the balance sheet accounts are reporting as Oh, As of that point in time, and therefore, for the most part, you would think that the current exchange rate, the rate as of that point in time would work. However, you can also think that the historical exchange rate might be used for some items, some, again, some kind of large items power, possibly for the property, plant and equipment.
In this presentation, we will continue on with our statement of cash flows. Taking a look at the investing activities, specifically the purchase of equipment, we’re going to be using the comparative balance sheet, the income statement and additional information focusing here on the comparative balance sheet, which we use to make this worksheet. So this worksheet is our comparative balance sheet. We’ve been going through this worksheet and really looking for the differences. We’re finding a home for all the differences. Once we do that, we’re feeling pretty good. We have done this all the way through the operating activities. So are the cash flows from operations. So we’ve gone through here we’ve kind of picked and choose the items that are going to be cash flows from operations, which is probably the way most people approach this. But just note that as we’ve done that, we’ve tried to pick up the exact differences here. We haven’t gone to the income statement and thought about it separately outside of this worksheet, and then we’re going to go back and make adjustments. So we found a home for the difference in cash because that’s Kind of like our bottom line. And then we’ve got accounts receivable, inventory prepaid expenses, and then we skipped equipment and went down to accounts payable.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to be creating the equity section of the balance sheet. In prior lectures, we have taken a look at the current assets section, the property plant and equipment section and then the liability section. This will be rounding out the balance sheet where we will finally get to total assets being equal to total liabilities and equity represent in the double entry accounting system. In terms of the balance sheet in terms of the accounting equation, we of course, are pulling these numbers from the adjusted trial balance. the adjusted trial balance also represents the double entry accounting system. However, it represents that double entry accounting system in the format of the building blocks of debits and credits. All we’re doing is taking those building blocks in terms of debits and credits, rearranging them to the accounting equation, so that readers who don’t understand debits and credits can then read them. Now when we look at the equity section, this is a bit confusing when we convert from the trial balance to the equity section.
Hello in this lecture, we’re going to record the adjusting entry related to depreciation were recorded on the left hand side, that’s where the journal entry will go. And then we’ll post that to the trial balance on the right hand side trial balance being in the format of assets in green liabilities in the orange. Then we have the equity section in the light blue and the income statement, including revenue and expenses in the darker blue. We’ll first talk about what accounts are affected and then we’ll go back and explain why this is the case. So first, we know that it’s an adjusting entry. So that’s going to have some added rules, you want to keep the adjusting entry separate in your head from just normal journal entries. all entries have at least two accounts and an equal number of debits and credits as well as adjusting entries. But adjusting entries are all made of as of the cutoff date, we’re gonna say 1231 in this case, and they generally have one account above this equity line above the capital meaning a balance sheet account and one account below that line meaning an income statement accounts.
Hello in this lecture we’re going to record the adjusting entry related to unearned revenue. Remember that the adjusting entry is going to be a separate process. It’ll have the same rules as every journal entry. But we can add some added rules when we know that we are working with the adjusting entry process. For example, all adjusting entries will be as of the time period, the end of the month, or the end of the year. In this case, we have the unearned revenue. We know that all adjusting entries for the most part will have an account above the owners capital meaning and balance sheet account. So if we look at our trial balance, looking for an account related to unearned revenue, we see here unearned revenue. So we know that that’s going to be part of our journal entry.
Hello in this presentation we’re going to talk about adjusting entry rules. In order to talk about adjusting entry rules. We first want to distinguish what adjusting entries are from normal journal entries. Normal journal entries being those transactions we will be recording throughout the month including the payment of the utility bill pain of wages, purchasing something on account the things that the accounting department typically does. Within the adjusting process, we’re going to draw a line or head and say the adjusting department is done in a separate department or as a separate process have a separate set of rules. Some of those rules being the same as for every journal entry, some different, the adjusting process is going to adjust accounts such as prepaid insurance, depreciation, unearned revenue, those types of accounts that need to be adjusted as of the end of the time period as a financial statement date in order to make the accounts on an accrual basis as of that date.
In this presentation and we’re going to enter an adjusting entry related to insurance recording prepaid insurance and insurance expense. Let’s get into it with Intuit QuickBooks Online. Here we are in our get great guitars file, we’re going to be opening up our reports. First, we’re going to go down to the reports on the bottom left. So we’re going to be opening up our favorite report that being the balance sheet report changing the dates up top from a one on one to zero, this time to our cutoff date at Oh to 29 to zero.