This presentation, we’re going to discuss the closing process for our accounting system. Get ready, because here we go with aplos. Here we are in our not for profit organization dashboard, let’s head on over to our Excel file to see what our objective will be, you’ll recall, we’re going to be in tab 10. By the way, we’re over here in tab 10. You’ll recall that we’ve been looking at each transaction with the accounts that will be affected, posting those over to our Excel worksheet to see the effect on the trial balance on the accounts. Now, we did this in terms of posting to our first trial balance up top and so row one. And then we said, okay, what if we break this information out, and I want to break this information out by not just the expenses by their nature, but by their function. Now, in aplos, we have a nice system to do that we’re going to use the phones and the classes, or the funds and the tax to do that here.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss the depreciable asset transfer. In other words, a transfer intercompany transfer with the context of our consolidation process. In essence, a transfer from parent to subsidiary or subsidiary to parent get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. In prior presentations, we talked about the transfer of land and we talked about the transfer of inventory. So the depreciable assets are going to be similar to the transfer of land but now we’ve got that added depreciation we’re going to have to deal with so it’s going to be similar to the transfer of land except that depreciation adds a level of complexity because we are now dealing with an asset that has a change in value over time.
Advanced financial accounting. In this presentation we’re going to discuss the consolidation process for less than 100% owned subsidiary. In other words at the end of this, we’ll be able to understand some of the major differences in the consolidation process from a company that was 100% owned. In other words, the parent owns 100% of the subsidiary and one in which the parent owns some other percent some stock share and percent other than 100%. Get ready to account with advanced financial accounting when there is a controlling interest but less than 100% owned interest in a subsidiary. In other words, the parent company owns something other than 100% of the common stock something over 51% still having a controlling interest still makes sense to do consolidated financial statements, because it’s useful to see the assets minus the liabilities, the net assets that the parent has control over, even if they don’t have claim over them. The performance based on you know, the net assets that they have control over.
Advanced financial accounting. In this presentation we’re going to take a look at a consolidation process when there is a book and fair value difference. In other words, we’ll have a consolidation. We have two companies, we have a parent subsidiary type of relationship, and the parent has a controlling interest of the subsidiary. Therefore consolidation is what we’re going to be doing. That means we’re going to take two separate sets of books combine them together as if they were one. And we had some complications with the fact that when the purchase took place, there was a difference between the book value and the fair value, what will be the effect of that difference on the consolidation process, elimination entry example. So when we consider this difference, we want to think about what’s going on with the parents books and the subsidiaries books and then what would be the process to consolidate them and what type of problems would be caused if there was a difference between the book and fair value of the net assets so the parents books investment accounts starts out containing the acquisition costs at the fair market value of net assets and goodwill, so we have, that’s basically what’s going to be on the parents books, right. And we’re thinking here typically have an equity method being used. So we have the parents books, we have the subsidiary books that we’re gonna have to consolidate together, and then do our elimination entries. And on the parents books, you’re accounting for the subsidiaries.
Advanced financial accounting. In this presentation we’re going to talk about consolidation calculations for less than wholly owned subsidiaries. So we have a parent subsidiary relationship, we’re going to be looking at the consolidation process to put the financial statements of the parents and the subsidiaries as if they are one entity, but we don’t have a wholly owned subsidiary. In other words, the parent does not own 100% of the subsidiary. How do we do the consolidation? in bad case, consolidation calculations less than wholly owned subsidiaries, that entities entire income and value must be reported per the current standards? So in other words, once again, we might think, well, on the income statement, maybe we would just report the part of the subsidiary that belongs to or is controlled by the parent, but that’s not typically the case. That’s not the case under generally accepted accounting principles.
Advanced financial accounting. In this presentation we’re going to talk about a consolidation for a non wholly owned subsidiary. So in other words, we have a parent subsidiary relationship, but the parent doesn’t own 100% of the outstanding common stock of the subsidiary but something other than 100%. In other words, over 51% controlling interest less than 100% get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. Non controlling interest often will be represented NCI non controlling interest. So notice if we have a parent subsidiary relationship we’re talking about there is some controlling interest, the controlling interest is the interest that’s going to be over 51%. However, if we don’t have 100% ownership, then we have the amount that’s not in control and that of course is going to be the non controlling interest. So non controlling interest. NCI controlling interest is needed for consolidation. Obviously, if we’re going to consolidate this thing, that means typically that A parent has some controlling interest over 51% a 100% is not needed. So 100% of ownership, in other words, by one parent to the other is not necessary for a consolidation to take place control is necessary, which is typically over 51% less than 100% ownership will result in a non controlling shareholder, those other than the parent.
This presentation we’re going to focus in on investments using the equity method. In other words, we’re going to have a situation where we have one company that’s investing in another company, this time they have significant influence. And therefore, we will be using the equity method to account for that investment, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. In prior presentations, we gave an overview about different accounting methods that could be used based on different levels of influence and control those general rules being that if there is 20, or zero to 20%, ownership, we use the carried value 20 to 50%, which is where we’re going to focus in on now, the equity method, idea of there being that there is now significant influence. So in other words, if we own zero to 20%, that would be kind of like you investing in a large company like apple or whatnot. We’re the assumption being, we don’t have significant influence, even though we do have a vote of what happens However, when our vote gets to be 20% Have the total, that’s kind of a shady line or not completely solid line. But that’s kind of an arbitrary line that’s been drawn, then you’re thinking, Okay, now there’s pretty much significant influence. And therefore, we’re going to use a different method equity method, then if we’re over 51%, which is a more solid line, if you have more than 51%, and you’re voting on things, and you have like more than 51%, then you pretty much win. And that would mean control for that situation typically. And then we may use a different method, such as a consolidation. So we’re going to be focusing in here on the middle method, where we have significant influence where we have that lower line that’s a little bit fuzzy that 20% arbitrarily drawn. And then if you’re over the 51%, then it’s more likely that then you do have control and may be using the consolidated method. In that case. So equity method we’re focusing in on investments using the equity method, the equity method will reflect the investors changing interest in the investi. So we’re going to try to basically reflect what’s going on on the investor side with the change investment in the investi, the company that we are investing in that company, we have a significant influence over investment is recorded at the starting purchase price.