Corporate Finance PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation, we will discuss types of business organizations, including the corporation, partnership, and sole proprietorship Get ready, it’s time to take your chance with corporate finance types of business organizations. Now, as we go through here, note that we’re focusing in on corporate finance, and therefore on the corporate type of business organization, but many of the concepts that we will learn will be applicable to all types of business organizations. Therefore, we want to have a general idea of the different main kind of components or main types of business organizations. So those will include a sole proprietorship, partnership, and a corporation.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will give an overview of intercompany debt transfers. In other words within the concept of our consolidation process where we have parent subsidiary relationships we have intercompany debt debt going from one entity to the other, from parent to the subsidiary or subsidiary to the parent could be in the form of, of notes payable or in the form of bonds payable, get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. When we think of intercompany debt, we can break it out basically into two categories intercompany debt the debt from one to the other from parent to subsidiary or subsidiary to parent, two categories, one direct intercompany debt transfer and the other is the indirect intercompany debt transfer.
Advanced financial accounting. In this presentation we’re going to take a look at the usefulness of consolidated financial statements. In other words, consolidated financial statements taking two or more companies where there’s a parent subsidiary relationship, putting them together representing financial statements as if those entities were one entity. What are the pros and cons of using consolidated financial statements? Get ready to account with advanced financial accounting idea of consolidated financial statements? In other words, why did we come up with the consolidated financial statements? So remember, we’re talking about a situation where there’s a parent subsidiary relationship, there’s a controlling interest, we have one company that has a controlling interest in over 51 interest in the other company. And then we’ve come up with this concept of showing the Consolidated Financial Statements showing the entity the parent and the subsidiary entities of which there’s a controlling interest as if they were one entity. Why do that? So when company creates or gets controlled Another company, that’s going to be the scenario we have. So we have a parent subsidiary relationship due to that fact due to one company having control than another company. You can think of that, of course in a stock situation owning for more than 51%. The result is a parent subsidiary relationship. So if we just have the two entities, it would look something like this.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we’ll talk about consolidation and income taxes get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. For a non taxable acquisition, the tax basis of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is not changed from the acquisition. In this case, then the carrying basis is the acquire ease basis, the acquiring company needs to identify all assets and liabilities acquired and their fair market value when the acquisition takes place, and then the deferred tax assets or liabilities that are from the difference between the fair market value and the tax basis when allocating the purchase price must be recorded by the acquiring company. So we have the tax expense allocation. When consolidated return is filed. What are we going to do with this tax expense allocation, the parent company and subsidiaries can file a consolidated income tax return or they can choose to file separate returns. So this is one of the things that we kind of have to consider here we’ve got a controlling interest that’s going to be involved. So we have two entities, one has a controlling interest and the other obviously parents subsidiary type of relationship question, then should we report just one tax return? Or should we have two tax returns, this is going to be a decision that needs to be made. But if we file one tax return, then at least 80% of its stock must be held by the parent company or another company included in the consolidation return for a subsidiary to be eligible to be included in a consolidated tax return.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss consolidated Statement of Cash Flows get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, consolidated statement of cash flows. So the consolidated Statement of Cash Flows we have a parent subsidiary relationship parent owning over 51% of the subsidiary therefore, we have the consolidated financial statements which of course includes the consolidated statement of cash flows. So, when we think about the consolidated statement of cash flows, we’re basically thinking about those areas where the cash flow statement will be different from a normal cash flow statement, which is one company or one business if you want to learn more about the cash flow statement, and I do recommend looking more into the cash flow statement because it’s one area where even in public accounting, oftentimes people don’t have as good a grasp on it as they could and some people are really good at reading it but don’t really understand as much of how to put it together in a room. systematic way even if there’s going to be, or especially when there’s going to be complexities to it. So we do have a course on the statement of cash flows, which we believe puts together a nice, simple, simple way in a systematic way to go through putting the statement of cash flows in such a way that, that you can do it in a step by step process. And then if you make an error, you can go back and you should be able to find that error easily and not have to kind of start the whole thing over again.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss a consolidation process where we have a subsidiary that purchases shares from the parent. So what’s going to be the effect on the consolidation process? When we have a subsidiary that purchases shares from a parent get ready to account with advanced financial accounting. We are talking about a situation here where this subsidiary is purchasing shares from the parent what’s the effect on the consolidation process? In the past, the parent has often recognized a gain or loss on the difference between the selling price and the change in the carrying amount of its investment. So in the past, it’s often been recorded as a gain or loss on parent companies that difference as a gain or loss on the parent company’s income statement.
Advanced financial accounting PowerPoint presentation. In this presentation we will discuss translation versus remeasurement. Get ready to account with advanced financial accounting, translation versus remeasurement methods to restate to foreign entities statements to US dollar. So the most straightforward methods can be translation of foreign entities functional currency statement to US dollars. So the translation is what we’ll use the most straightforward method when the entity statement is using the functional currency. So typically, if the if the entity is using the functional currency, and we need to translate it, then we’ll simply translate it from the functional currency to the US dollars. And then there’s remeasurement of foreign entities statement into its functional currency. So remeasurement means that the entity is running their bookkeeping in a currency that is not the functional currency. Right? So then we’re going to have to re measure we’re going to use this term re measure rather than translate the To the functional currency, so after we remeasure to the functional currency, after remeasurement statements need to be translated to the reporting currency if the functional currency is not the US dollar. So in other words, if we’re assuming, in this case, in the case of the remeasurement, or let’s say, we have an entity that we’re going to be consolidating a subsidiary entity in another country, and we’re in the US and we need to basically consolidate these data together in terms of US dollars at the end of the day, if the entity is using the functional currency as as their financial statements, their bookkeeping is in the functional currency, then we can simply use the term translate it to the US dollars, which will be the parent currency that we’re talking about here. If however, the foreign entity is having their books in some currency, that is not the functional currency, then what we’re going to have to do is re measure it. We want to use remeasurement To the functional currency, we want to make remeasure at first to the functional currency rather than straight to the US dollar. So we’re going to use remeasure to the functional currency. And after we re measure to the functional currency, if the functional currency is the US dollar, then then we should be able to stop there. That’s okay. If however, the functional currency is not the US dollar, then we would have to go from the functional currency and then translate to the US dollar. So we’ll talk a little bit more about that as we go. So let’s think about translation.
In this presentation we’re going to talk about valuation of business entities when there’s going to be an external expansion. In other words, a merger or consolidation, get ready to act because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. We’re continuing on with our discussion of external expansion. That means we’re have two separate entities that are going to be combining in some way shape or form. The two types that we want to keep in mind at this point is the acquisition of assets and the acquisition of stocks. So if the acquisition of assets we have one company acquired another assets using negotiation with management, so that means you have two separate entities and one entity is basically going to be purchasing the assets of the other entity versus the acquisition of stock, where we have a majority of outstanding voting shares is generally required, unless other factors result in the gaining of control. So in other words, you have two entities, one entity in essence buying a controlling share or controlling ownership over 50% typically 51 and above. Have another entity. So from an accounting perspective, then the question is, well, how are we going to value the assets and liabilities. Now when we think about the assets and liabilities, we may have to use an appraisal oftentimes, in order to do so because remember, if you’re talking about some assets, they might may be on a fair value method, because you might be talking about cash or something like that, or possibly stocks or investments in that way, that may be easy to value with a market method. However, if you’re talking about things like property, plant and equipment, then it’s going to be more difficult to know what the value is. That’s the problem because there hasn’t been a market transaction for that exact same piece of equipment for some time.
In this presentation, we will expand on the logistics of internal expansion, get ready to act, because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. We’re going to take a look now at the steps of the internal expansion. So note we have the two categories of expansion, the internal expansion and the external expansion, internal expansion with a company growing, we’re imagining the company growing, they can either grow internally make it another sub subsidiary, possibly, that would be owned by the parent company creating a parent subsidiary relationship internally, or has some kind of external expansion where we have two separate entities that are going to be together in some way, shape or form. So here, we’re talking about the internal expansion. So we have one company that is then thinking about expanding how are they going to put that expansion together? We’re thinking about the setting up then in this case of another legal entity such as a subsidiary, what steps for that? Well, first, you’re going to have a sub sub subsidiary B. created. So you get the parent company is going to be creating the subsidiary, then we have assets and liabilities are transferred to the new entity. So we’re imagining we have one company that wants to expand possibly have another division or another location that they will be expanding into. They make this subsidiary so they another legal entity created, we typically will think of another corporation that is owned by the prior Corporation, parent subsidiary relationship, the assets and liabilities that are going to be controlled or be part of that new segment are going to be transferred from the parent company now to the subsidiary company. And the key point here is that it’s going to be transferred at book value. And you might be thinking after looking at the external expansion, where you have two separate entities that are coming together and the need for us to then use the basically the acquisition method treat it basically like a sale happening.
This presentation we’re going to take a closer look at external business expansion, which includes things like mergers and business combinations, get ready to act, because it’s time to account with advanced financial accounting. Before we move into the external expansion, you want to give a review and keep your mind on what our focus is we’re talking about a business that is expanding. When we think of it about expansion, we can break that expansion into internal and external expansion. So we have a business expanding into new areas do segments, we can think of it as an internal or external expansion. In a prior presentation, we talked a little bit more on the internal expansion, in which case you might have a situation where a parent creates a subsidiary or a parent basically just creates another division possibly, and expands in that format. Now we’re going to be going to the external expansion, in which case we’re talking about two entities. So we have two separate legal entities that in some or two separate entities in some case in some way, shape reform are coming together. So now we’re going to have an expansion where we have an external expansion. So if we’re thinking of thinking about this, from the from the standpoint of one company, we’re thinking about ourselves as one company and we are expanding, then we’re thinking about the expansion externally, that we are going to be combining in some way shape or form with another company. Now, the format and form in which that combination can take place can be various we can have various forms of that combination, it could result in a parent subsidiary type of relationship, or it could result in the parent basically consuming that another company and bringing them into the overarching parent company.